To Have A Healthy Garden
To have a healthy garden you need good light exposure and good nutrients. Your plants will grow at an alarming pace. In order to benefit from this growth, you need to help the plant decide where to put its energy. After saying that you probably are aware of the villains of indoor gardening.
Aphids, also known as plant lice, come in different colors like gray, black and green. Regardless of their color, aphids weaken plants by sucking the juices out of their leaves and turning them yellow. They can be found anywhere on the plant, but often congregate along its stems.
Spider mites, at less than 1-mm long, are tiny arachnids with eight legs and oval bodies. Their mouthparts pierce and suck, causing damage by puncturing plant cells, resulting in a fluid loss that eventually kills plants. Spider mites look much like grains of sand and are found mostly on the undersides of leaves. The type you’ll see most often is the two-spotted spider mite, which has a dark spot on either side of its body. An adult female can lay up to 20 eggs per day, causing infestations quickly. Eggs are round and clear and become a creamy color just before hatching. If you see webbing, you most likely have an infestation.
Thrips are hard to see at a mere 5-mm long. They leave fecal droppings on plants that appear as black spots. Females bore holes in leaves where they lay their eggs. If your garden is infested with thrips, leaves will eventually look dry—not wilted—and have yellowish spots.
Adult fungus gnats are small and black with thread-like antennae, long slender legs, and clear wings. Their larvae feed on plant roots, causing weak, slow-growing plants. The larvae can be clear or cream-colored with shiny black heads that look like small black specks to the naked eye and grow about a ¼-in. long. The flying adults do not cause damage to the plant, but they lay eggs in the growing media. The larvae feed on the roots, making the plant weak and slow-growing, potentially leading to plant death.
Whiteflies resemble small, white moths and are about 1-mm long. An adult’s mouth parts pierce and suck juices from plant leaves, causing white spots and yellowing. Females lay their eggs on the undersides of leaves. Another downside to whiteflies is that they secrete a sticky substance called honeydew, which is a breeding ground for sooty mold.
Downy Mildew, Powdery Mildew, Gray Mold, White Mold, Root Rot,
A separate set of tools for the grow room is essential.
Wear Clean Clothes:
Pests can also be transported into the grow room on your clothes and your pets.
Monitor the pH:
pH is a numeric scale used to identify acidity or alkalinity, where 0-6 is acidic, 7 is neutral and 8-14 is alkaline.
Vacuum plants with a shop vac. This can be done during both the vegetative and the flowering stages.
Increase Air Circulation:
Keep the air in your grow room well-circulated and the humidity around 50%, with daytime temperatures around 75°F and nighttime temperatures between 60 and 65°F, depending on what you’re growing.
Make sure your growing media can adequately drain. If you’re growing using hydroponics, the water needs to be heavily aerated. Roots should never be kept soggy or sitting in stagnant water.